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Coronavirus

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Most up to date PHA Advice:

 

If you have a:

• high temperature

and/or

• new continuous cough

Everyone in your household must stay at home for 14 days

Do not go to a GP surgery, pharmacy or hospital. You can ring NHS 111 for information or advice and they

will help you decide if you need to contact your GP.

Calling your GP directly is only necessary if you have:

 1. an existing health condition

 2. problems with your immune system

 3. very serious symptoms

If it is a medical emergency and you need to call an ambulance, dial 999 and inform the operator of your

symptoms.

For further information and self-isolation advice, visit www.pha.site/coronavirus

 

 

1. INFORMATION ABOUT THE VIRUS

 

A coronavirus is a type of virus. As a group, coronaviruses are common across the world. COVID-19 is caused by a new strain of coronavirus first identified in Wuhan City, China in January 2020. The incubation period of COVID-19 is between 2 to 14 days. This means that if a person remains well 14 days after contact with someone with confirmed coronavirus, they have not been infected. The following symptoms may develop in the 14 days after exposure to someone who has COVID-19 infection:

 cough

 difficulty in breathing

 fever

Generally, these infections can cause more severe symptoms in people with weakened immune systems, older people, and those with long-term conditions like diabetes, cancer and chronic lung disease. There is no evidence that children are more affected than other age groups – very few cases have been reported in children.

2. HOW COVID-19 IS SPREAD

 

From what we know about other coronaviruses, spread of COVID-19 is most likely to happen when there is close contact (within 2 metres or less) with an infected person. It is likely that the risk increases the longer someone has close contact with an infected person. Droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes (termed respiratory secretions) containing the virus are most likely to be the most important means of transmission. There are 2 routes by which people could become infected:

 secretions can be directly transferred into the mouths or noses of people who are nearby (within 2metres) or could be inhaled into the lungs

 it is also possible that someone may become infected by touching a surface or object that has been contaminated with respiratory secretions and then touching their own mouth, nose, or eyes (such as touching a door knob or shaking hands then touching own face).

There is currently no good evidence that people who do not have symptoms are infectious to others.

 

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3. PREVENTING SPREAD OF INFECTION

 

The best way to prevent infection is to avoid being exposed to the virus. There are general principles anyone can follow to help prevent the spread of respiratory viruses, including:

 

 washing your hands often, preferably with soap and water. Only use alcohol sanitiser if handwashing facilities are not available. This is particularly important after taking public transport

 covering your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throwing the tissue in a bin. See Catch it, Bin it, Kill it

 people who feel unwell should stay at home and should not attend work or any education or childcare setting

 pupils, students, staff and visitors should wash their hands:

   o before leaving home

   o on arrival at school

   o after using the toilet o after breaks and sporting activities

   o before food preparation

   o before eating any food, including snacks

   o before leaving school

 if soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitiser that contains at least 60% alcohol

 avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands

 avoid close contact with people who are unwell

 clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces

 if you are worried about your symptoms or those of a child or colleague, and feel you or they may be at risk, please telephone your GP for advice. Do not go directly to your GP or other healthcare environment 

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